Some Missing Pieces in the Mid-1960s Korean Development Story


Thursday, March 6, 2014, 4:30pm to 6:00pm


Belfer Case Study Room (S020), CGIS South Building, 1730 Cambridge Street, Cambridge, MA 02138

Kim Koo Forum on Korea Current Affairs

Some Missing Pieces in the Mid-1960s Korean Development Story Event Poster

Co-sponsored by the Ash Center for Democratic Governance and Innovation, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard Kennedy School, East Asian Legal Studies Program at Harvard Law School, and Weatherhead Center for International Affairs

David C. Cole
Lecturer on Economics, Harvard University (retired)

Princeton N. Lyman
Senior Advisor, U.S. Institute of Peace

Harold Hongju Koh
Sterling Professor of International Law, Yale Law School

Chaired by Carter J. Eckert, Yoon Se Young Professor of Korean History, Harvard University


David C. Cole’s first exposure to the Far East involved working on a tractor project in North China in 1946-47 for the United Nations. He next was sent to Korea with the U.S. Army, 1951-52, where he was assigned to the United Nations Civil Assistance Command, Korea, and traveled widely throughout the country analyzing industrial conditions. He returned to Korea, 1964-66, as Senior Economist with the U.S. Aid Mission, and worked closely with Korean economic officials on formulation of economic policy and preparation of the Second Five Year Plan. In the 1970s he assisted Dr. Kim Mahn-Je with the establishment of the Korean Development Institute. He received an A.B. degree in Far Eastern Studies at Cornell University, 1950, and a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Michigan in 1959. He taught at Vanderbilt University, 1958-62, and was affiliated with the Harvard Institute for International Development (HIID) and the Economics Department at Harvard from 1966 to 1994. He taught courses on Modernization of Korea and Financial Policy for Developing Countries at Harvard. His publications include three books on Korean development, one on Indonesia’s financial system, and one on a rural development project in Sudan. Since his retirement from Harvard in 1994, he has been engaged in various environmental and historical preservation activities in Southeastern Massachusetts.

Ambassador Princeton N. Lyman most recently served in the government as United States Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan from March 31, 2011 until March 23, 2013. On May 1, 2013, he joined the United States Institute of Peace as a senior advisor. Previous positions in government included USAID Director in Ethiopia 1(976-78), Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs (1981-1986), U.S. Ambassador to Nigeria (1986-1989), Director of Refugee Programs (1989-1992), U.S. Ambassador to South Africa (1992-1995), and Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs (1996-1998). From 2008-2010, he was a member of the African Advisory Committee to the United States Trade Representative. Outside of government, Ambassador Lyman was executive director of the Global Interdependence Initiative at the Aspen Institute 2000-2003 and Ralph Bunche Chair for Africa policy Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations 2003-2006. He was an adjunct professor at Georgetown University and Professorial Lecturer at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies from 2000-2010. Ambassador Lyman is a member of several boards, including the National Endowment for Democracy, Niger Delta Partnership Initiative, the Buffleshoek Trust (South Africa), and the African Science Academy Development Program of the National Academy of Sciences. Ambassador Lyman has a Ph.D. in political science from Harvard University. He has published books and articles on foreign policy, African affairs, economic development, terrorism, HIV/AIDS, UN reform, and peacekeeping. He co-authored Korean Development: The Interplay of Politics and Economics (Harvard University Press) in 1971. His book, Partner to History: The U.S. Role in South Africa’s Transition to Democracy (U.S. Institute of Peace Press), was published in 2002. He was co-director of the Council on Foreign Relations Task Force Report, More Than Humanitarianism: A Strategic U.S. Approach Toward Africa, issued in 2006, and co-editor of Beyond Humanitarianism: What You Need to Know About Africa and Why It Matters (Council on Foreign Relations) published in 2007. He is co-author of “Crisis and Opportunity in South Sudan,” Peace Brief of the U.S. Institute of Peace, 2014.

Harold Hongju Koh is the Sterling Professor of International Law at Yale Law School. He returned to Yale Law School in January 2013 after serving for nearly four years as the 22nd Legal Adviser of the U.S. Department of State. Professor Koh is one of the country’s leading experts in public and private international law, national security law, and human rights. He first began teaching at Yale Law School in 1985 and served as its fifteenth Dean from 2004 until 2009. From 2009 to 2013, he took leave as the Martin R. Flug ’55 Professor of International Law to join the State Department as Legal Adviser, service for which he received the Secretary of State's Distinguished Service Award. From 1993 to 2009, he was the Gerard C. & Bernice Latrobe Smith Professor of International Law at Yale Law School, and from 1998 to 2001, he served as U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor. Professor Koh has received thirteen honorary degrees and more than thirty awards for his human rights work, including awards from Columbia Law School and the American Bar Association for his lifetime achievements in international law. He has authored or co-authored eight books, published more than 180 articles, testified regularly before Congress, and litigated numerous cases involving international law issues in both U.S. and international tribunals. He is a Fellow of the American Philosophical Society and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, an Honorary Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford, and a member of the Council of the American Law Institute. He holds a B.A. degree from Harvard College and B.A. and M.A. degrees from Oxford University, where he was a Marshall Scholar. He earned his J.D. from Harvard Law School, where he was Developments Editor of the Harvard Law Review. Before coming to Yale, he served as a law clerk for Justice Harry A. Blackmun of the United States Supreme Court and Judge Malcolm Richard Wilkey of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit, worked as an attorney in private practice in Washington, and served as an Attorney-Adviser for the Office of Legal Counsel, U.S. Department of Justice.


David C. Cole and Princeton N. Lyman were senior members of the United States Operations Mission (USOM) in Korea in the mid-1960s. They played important roles in reshaping the relationships between the Korean and U.S. governments and shifting the focus of both Korean and U.S. policies from stabilization to accelerating economic development. Their book, Korean Development: the Interplay of Politics and Economics, written under the auspices of the Harvard Center for International Affairs and published by Harvard University Press in 1971, described and analyzed the rapidly changing political and economic conditions and policies in Korea during the mid-1960s. Most subsequent writings about this important period fail to appreciate the fundamental political and economic changes that took place at this time that provided the foundation for South Korea's subsequent development into one of the strongest economies in the world. Nor do they recognize the significant change that took place in the working relationships between Korean and U.S. Officials and the convergence that developed around key policy objectives. The speakers will discuss these factors and their roles and experiences in relation to these events. Harold Hongju Koh, as a Korean-American undergraduate at Harvard and Marshall Scholar at Oxford, and at the request of David Cole, undertook substantial research for the joint Harvard and Korea Development Institute 10-volume series of Studies in Modernization of the Republic of Korea, 1945-75, focusing particularly on the aid and international trade aspects. While serving as Legal Adviser of the U.S. Department of State (2009-13), he met and worked with Princeton Lyman. From the perspectives of international lawyer, government official, and human rights advocate, Professor Koh will offer comments on the Cole/Lyman book as well as his work on the modernization studies.

The Korea Institute acknowledges the generous support of the Kim Koo Foundation.

"Some Missing Pieces in the Mid-1960s Korean Development Story"